••• I am too young to retire ••• #FacesOfHaiti by Samuel D. @tisamy2k #2kphotography Haiti, 2014 ————————————-
[ Marcel: Dedicated 64 years old worker with 3 children. His wife passed away in 2010, he is doing quite a good job providing for his family. He has to work “hard” despite his age to send his youngest daughter to a prestigious nursing school. Like he said to me: “when you have kids at this age I am too young to retire”. ] —— #Haiti #ayiti #haitian #hardwork #experienceit #thisishaiti #respect #photography
Following the October 1929 student strikes, general demonstrations and insurrections in the following months, Washington was forced into reviewing its position in the Republic of Haiti. The Forbes Commission,presided by William Cameron Forbes held hearings in the country in hopes of investigating the situation and better advise the Hoover administration in its policy in Haiti. Aside from rapid “Haitianization” and other concerns, the Commission also recommended the gradual withdrawal of American Marines form Haiti, as their presence had become too unpopular in almost every sectors of Haitian society. This Commission was of significant importance in Haitian/American relations and, amongst other factors, did lead the the “end” of the Marine occupation of Haiti. The full document is available at the University of Florida Digital Collections.
Portrait of Haitian doctor and politician Rosalvo Bobo (Pierre François Joseph Benoit Rosalvo Bobo). Date Unknown.
Most scholars agree that Bobo was next in line for presidency after the bloody assassination of Vilbrun Guillaume Sam (that triggered the beginning of the U.S. Marine Occupation of Haiti). American ultimately choose Philippe Sudre Dartiguenave for the role, feeling that he was more “stable” and more likely to collaborate with occupation forces.
Jonathas Granvilleby Philip Thomas Coke Tilyard, 1824.
Jonathas Granville was a special emigration agent under the Boyer administration (1818-1843). In 1824, he began touring the United States from Philadelphia in hopes of co-ordinating efforts for the emigration of free American blacks to Haiti. This portrait was executed the same year by American artist Philip Thomas Coke Tilyard. Many question whether this portrait actually resembles the man in any form.
Rare Photos of Dumarsais Estimé’s Presidency (1946-1950). Images: Courtesy of CIDIHCA.
Following the United States Marine Occupation of Haiti (1915-1934) the Haitian military, Gendarmerie d’Haïti (later known simply as Garde d’Haïti), received major transformations, from what, by the turn of the last century, was a decentralized and often unorganized coalition, to a modern military force. While the army was key in protecting the regimes of Sténio Vincent (1930-1941) and Élie Lescot (1941-1946), it was through the election of 1946, that which brought moderate noiristeDumarsais Estimé in power that it was able to test its strength as arbiter of Haitian politics.
Ironically, the same men who installed Estimé in power later disposed of him due to disputes and Estimé’s attempt to stretch his presidency. He was replaced by Paul Eugène Magloire, one of the key military figures behind the 1946 junta. (Sources: X, X and X)